CPRS Polls - Survey Research Unit
Public Opinion Poll #31
Evaluation of the Performance of PLC and other PNA Institutions, Attitudes Regarding Proposed Legislation, and Political Affiliation, 22-30 December 1997
These are the results of opinion poll #31, conducted by the Center for Palestine Research & Studies, between 22-30 December 1997. The poll deals with evaluation of the performance of PLC and other PNA institutions, attitudes regarding proposed legislation, and political affiliation.

The total sample size of this poll is 1320 from Palestinians 18 years and older, of which 831 in the West Bank and 489 in the Gaza Strip. The margin of error is + 3% and the non-response rate is 3%.


Table of Contents


Main Results

1. Evaluation of the Performance of the PLC and the PNA
  • The findings show a rise in the level of positive (very good and good) evaluation of the PLC performance from 42% in September 1997 to 51% in December 1997. A limited rise in the positive evaluation of the performance of the government, the judicial authority, security and police force has also taken place from 56%, 49%, and 68%, to 61%, 53%, and 72% respectively). A slight decrease in the positive evaluation of the Presidency from 73% to 71% has taken place during the same period.
  • Positive evaluation of the performance of the PLC is specially high among women, those with primary education, housewives, those with limited income of less than JD300 monthly, and supporters of Fateh. It is significantly lower among men, those with BA degrees, professionals, those with high income of more than JD900 per month, and supporters of Hamas and the PFLP. See table (1) below.
Table (1)
Positive Evaluation of the Performance of the PLC
GenderWomen 60%Men 40%
EducationPrimary 60%BA degrees 41%
ProfessionHousewives 59%Professionals 25%
IncomeLow 52%High 35%
Political affiliation Fateh Supporters64% PFLP Supporters29%
  • Evaluation of the performance of the representatives of each electoral district show a high level of positive evaluation for the performance of the district representatives of Salfit, Jenin, Ramallah, Nablus, Jericho, and Gaza City, and a lower level of positive evaluations for the district representatives of Tulkarm, Deir al-Balah and Jerusalem. See table (2) below.
Table (2)
Positive Evaluation of the Performance of the Representatives of the Electoral Districts *
1Jenin 62%9 Jericho54%
2Toubas 45%10 Bethlehem45%
3Tulkarm 32%11 Hebron46%
4Qalqilya 47%12 Jabalia49%
5Salfit 76%13 Gaza City55%
6Nablus 58%14 Khanyounis 50%
7Ramallah 59%15 Deir al-Balah 37%
8Jerusalem 43%16 Rafah46%
* Margin of error for the electoral districts is higher than the margin for the whole sample
  • Positive evaluation of the performance of the Presidency rises in the Gaza Strip, especially in Rafah, and in the Nablus area in the West Bank, and among women, illiterates, housewives, those with low income, and supporters of Fateh. Positive evaluation of the Presidency drops in the West Bank, especially in the area of Tulkarm and in Gaza City the Gaza Strip, and among men, those with BA degrees, the professionals, low income people, and supporters of the PFLP. See table (3) below.
Table (3)
Positive Evaluation of the Performance of the Presidency
RegionWest Bank 69%Gaza Strip 75%
West BankTulkarm area 52%Nablus area 83%
Gaza StripGaza City 69%Rafah 83%
GenderMen 65%Women 76%
EducationBA degrees 43%Illiterates 77%
ProfessionProfessionals 31%Housewives 78%
IncomeHigh 35%Low 73%
Political Affiliation PFLP Supporters 42%Fateh Supporters 85%
  • The findings indicate that the evaluation of the performance of the government depends on the area of government function under discussion. Positive evaluation is high in regard to education, providing security, and health, and is relatively low in regard to insuring democracy and human rights and the economy. See table (4) below.
Table (4)
Positive Evaluation of the Performance
of the Government in Various Areas
Providing Security
69%
Education
70%
Health
63%
Economy
28%
Democracy and Human Rights
41%
Table (5)
Positive Evaluation of the Performance of PNA Institutions
(Sept. 1996-Dec. 1997)
Dec. 1997 Sept. 1997June 1997 April 1997Dec. 1996 Sept. 1996
PLC
51%
42%
46%
48%
50%
48%
Cabinet
61%
56%
53%
59%
63%
63%
Judicial Authority
53%
49%
51%
55%
-----
50%
Police and Security
72%
68%
69%
77%
72%
62%
Presidency
71%
73%
68%
79%
76%
72%
[figure (1)] :Positive Evaluation of the Performance of the PNA Institutions (Sept. 1996-Dec. 1997)
Attitudes Regarding Proposed Legislation:
  • Half of the Palestinians (50%) supports the position of the PLC calling for the immediate issuing of the Basic Law, while a little over a third (35%) supports the position of the Presidency calling for the postponement of the promulgation of the law. Support for the PLC position increases in Gaza City, and among men, those with BA degrees, students, and supporters of the PFLP, while support for the position of the Presidency increases in Rafah and among supporters of Fateh. See table (6) below.
Table (6)
Position Regarding the Promulgation of the Basic Law
Support PLC Position Support Position of the Presidency
AreaRafah
37%
54%
Gaza City
66%
22%
Nablus
48%
37%
Hebron
53%
32%
GenderMen
56%
32%
Women
44%
38%
EducationIlliterates
40%
34%
BA Holders
58%
28%
ProfessionStudents
57%
32%
Housewives
44%
38%
IncomeLow
49%
37%
High
40%
28%
Political Affiliation Fateh Supporters
48%
41%
PFLP Supporters
64%
29%
Hamas Supporters
49%
40%
  • Regarding the proposed political parties' and NGOs' laws, the findings show a large majority of respondents (about three quarters) supporting the view that demands a prior permission form the PNA before political parties or NGOs can be established by individuals or groups. About one fifth of the respondents thought that there was no such need. No significant differences were found among the different demographic groups except an increase in the percentage of those supporting the permission requirement among those with low income (76%) compared to those with high income (60%), and supporters of Fateh (87%) compared to supporters of Hamas (69%) and the PFLP (49%).
  • An overwhelming majority of 87% supports the imposition of compulsory national service, while only 13% oppose it. No significant differences were found among the different demographic groups.
  • A large majority of 73% supports the proposed imposition of a JD10 on each individual Palestinian annually to finance university education in Palestine, thus allowing the universities to keep tuition low. Twenty-six percent oppose the proposal. The level of opposition to the proposal was mostly related to level of income. Opposition in the Gaza Strip was higher (34%) than in the West Bank (21%), in the refugee camps (39%) than in cities (28%), and among men (30%) than women (23%), married (29) vs. non-married (17%), and those with low income (31%) vs. those with high income (8%). See table (7) below.
Table (7)
Level of Opposition to the Imposition of a JD 10 Fee
to Finanace Higher Education
AreaGaza Strip
34%
West Bank
21%
ResidenceRefugee Camps
39%
Cities
28%
GenderMen
30%
Women
23%
ProfessionMerchants
42%
Students
15%
Marital Status Married
29%
Single
17%
IncomeLow
31%
High
8%
  • A similar majority of 73% supported the view thagovand municipal authorities may expropriate parts of privately owned land for the purpose of widening streets and roads. Twenty five percent opposed this view. The level of opposition is higher in the Gaza Strip (34%) than in the West Bank (20%), in refugee camps (42%) than in cities (28%) and villages and towns (16%).
Political Affiliation
Table (8)
Political Affiliation (September 1996-December 1997)
Dec. 1997 Sept. 1997June 1997 April 1997Dec. 1996 Sept. 1996
Fateh
39%
37%
41%
41%
45%
44%
Islamists
18%
14%
13%
15%
15%
15%
National Opposition
5%
4%
4%
6%
4%
5%
Independents and non-affiliated
38%
45%
42%
38%
36%
36%
[Figure (2)]: Political Affiliation (9/96-12/97)

Appendix

Total %
West Bank %
GazaStrip%
Unemployment
38.0
33.0
46.0
1. How often do you follow the news?
1) Always
27.4
29.0
24.7
2) Often
14.0
13.6
14.7
3) Sometimes
49.8
48.7
51.5
4) Not Sure
8.8
8.7
9.1
2. Generally, how do you evaluate the performance of the PLC?
1) Very Good
12.8
12.3
13.6
2) Good
38.5
39.5
36.8
3) Fair
22.6
23.1
21.7
4) Bad
9.4
9.8
8.8
5) Very Bad
6.0
4.4
8.8
6) Don't Know/ No Opinion
10.7
10.8
10.4
3. Generally, how do you evaluate the performance of your district representative in the PLC ?
1) Very Good
13.5
13.2
13.9
2) Good
36.7
37.7
34.9
3) Fair
21.0
19.8
22.9
4) Bad
11.0
11.2
10.7
5) Very Bad
6.9
6.0
8.3
6) Don't Know/ No Opinion
10.9
12.0
9.1
4. Generally, how do you evaluate the performance of the Palestinian government (the Cabinet)?
1) Very Good
21.0
18.7
24.9
2) Good
39.5
38.4
41.3
3) Fair
19.6
20.0
19.0
4) Bad
8.6
9.7
6.9
5) Very Bad
4.8
5.3
4.1
6) No Opinion/ Do not know
6.5
8.0
3.8

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